Thomas Jefferson Memorial: Overview

Introduction Credits:
Randolph H. Lytton, Pim van den Assum

Introduction Date:

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The Thomas Jefferson Memorial, located on The Tidal Basin, was built between 1938 and 1943. It is a later creation of John Russell Pope, who also helped design the classically inspired Brazilian Embassy (McCormick House) c. 1910, the Scottish Rite Temple in 1915, the Meridian House in 1922, Constitution Hall in 1929, the National City Christian Church in 1930, the American Pharmacists Association building in 1933, the National Archives Building in 1935, and the National Gallery of Art (West Building) in 1941. Rudolph Evans sculpted Thomas Jefferson’s statue which dominates the center space. Restorations have been carried out in 1996 and 2000. The concept of the Jefferson Memorial is grounded in the City Beautiful classical movement first seen in the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago of 1893. It appears to be directly inspired by the Pantheon in Rome, but was most likely modeled on William Kent’s 1734 Ionic Temple of Ancient Virtue, a garden-pavilion in Stowe, England that Thomas Jefferson visited. (Scott & Lee, p. 102) The memorial is encircled with smooth Ionic columns with Jefferson’s statue as the centerpiece. This neo-pantheon form is also mirrored in Jefferson’s home at Monticello, Virginia and in the Rotunda at the University of Virginia.

Document List

Thomas Jefferson Memorial, Showing Washington Monument, Washington, D. C. (no date)
The Thomas Jefferson Memorial is located on the Tidal Basin in West Potomac Park. It is constructed of Danby Vermont Marble for the exterior and Georgia white marble for its interior. This Historic Shrine with its setting of Cherry Blossoms is one of the most beautiful sights in Springtime, and is visted by thousands each year.
Thomas Jefferson Memorial arial view (no date)
The Thomas Jefferson Memorial. Located on the south shore of the Tidal Basin directly south of the Washington Monument. The building is classic in design and Jeffersonian in character. The exterior is of white Vermont marble and consists of 25 marble columns 41 feet in height.
The Statue of Thomas Jefferson inside the Jefferson Memorial (no date)
The statue of Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) is a plaster cast which will be replaced by a bronze statue, after the war. He was the third president of the United States and author and one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. One of the best known quotations from the Declaration has been inscribed on the wall in the background.
Thomas Jefferson Memorial, view from Tidal Basin (00/00/1922)
The Jefferson Memorial is at the south end of the Tidal Basin. Thomas Jefferson of Virginia (1742-1826) was the author of the Declaration of Independence and one of the Signers. As member of Congress he originated our system of coinage. Was Secretary of State in Washington's first term, Vice-President with John Adams and President 1801-09. Founder of the first Republican Party, from which the Democratic Party today claims decent.